Early Europeans interbred with Neanderthals

Around 45,000 years ago, the only humans who lived in Europe were Neanderthals. Some 10,000 years later, if the sketchy fossil record is right, the Neanderthals had been replaced by our ancestors, and one of the greatest mysteries in anthropology was born. Were the Neanderthals wiped out by Homo sapiens, the smart hominids who rose out of Africa and went on to conquer the planet?

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